The name of this wine, created at the beginning of the 20th century
when the vineyard was planted, was inspired by the Petit Clos adjacent
to the Château de Léoville, residence of the Marquis de Las Cases.
du Marquis is a historical brand by the Domaines Delon, a separate
vineyard to Leoville Las Cases whose first vintage was released in 1902.
The creation of this brand was to allow a clear identification of two completely distinct terroirs.
situation remains unchanged today as the vineyard producing the Clos du
Marquis is located on top terroirs of the Saint Julien appellation,
surrounded by such prestigious Classified Growths as Léoville Poyferré
and Léoville Barton.
Clos du Marquis vineyard is 500 metres west of the famous walled
enclosure of Léoville Las Cases known as the ‘Enclos’. It is made up of
quaternary gravel that is older and finer than the Enclos gravel.
vines stretch over about 45 hectares (111 acres) with an average age of
thirty years. The presence of organic matter in the top soil, due to
the presence of a forest on this land in the past, brings a typical
Saint-Julien style to the Clos du Marquis. The grapes ripen later in
this vineyard than in the Enclos, the latter being warmed by the
micro-climate of the nearby Gironde river.
The vineyard, planted
on the Saint-Julien plateau, 20 metres above sea level, is composed of
humic podzol over sandy-clay gravel. The Clos du Marquis terroir is
characterised by a greater regularity in the soil types as well as a
higher hydrological sensitivity than the Enclos that possesses a natural
drainage system thanks to the slope of the land and its proximity to