The Grand-Puy-Lacoste estate covers 90 hectares, 58 of which are planted, harmoniously distributed around the Château without interruption. Since its takeover by the Borie family in 1978, the Grand-Puy-Lacoste vineyard has been patiently planted and today The balance between the young vines and the oldest is fully established (average age 38 years). The estate is planted with 75% Cabernet-Sauvignon, 20% Merlot and 5% Cabernet Franc. Cabernet-Sauvignon is the noble grape par excellence, which forms the backbone of Grand-Puy-Lacoste wines. The other two varieties allow nuance of the blends to accentuate the typicality of the vintage.
Grand-Puy-Lacoste fervently practices a reasoned culture: in twenty years, treatments have halved. No insecticide has been used for the past ten years, wildlife has regained its rights. The work of the land has always been exclusively mechanical: plowing, no herbicide, double Guyot pruning. The high density of the plantations is a quality factor. At Grand-Puy-Lacoste, it is 10,000 feet per hectare, or one foot per square meter.
Dans les chais
For François-Xavier Borie and his team, mastering the techniques only makes sense if it is at the service of the expression of the terroir. The vatting methods are classic, controlled with extreme rigor, in an equipped winery of the latest technologies. The 43 thermo-regulated vats, of different capacities, allow high precision work, which respects the typicity of the plots. The vatting period lasts approximately three weeks. The grapes ferment first for eight to ten days. Grand-Puy-Lacoste favors soft extractions, with temperatures of 28 ° C. Daily pumping-over promotes the progress of the alcoholic fermentation and the passage of phenolic compounds in the wine. Maceration continues for about ten days to complete this extraction. During this phase, the temperature is rigorously controlled and adapted to each tank according to the potential of the grapes. Then comes the malolactic fermentation, which stabilizes the wine and decreases its acidity, which makes it gain in suppleness and roundness. The philosophy of Grand-Puy-Lacoste: accompanying nature while carefully monitoring it, adapting the most finely possible in the profile of each vintage by infinitely modulating the "signature" of the Château. The techniques, even the most sophisticated, would be nothing without the spirit that directs them: repeated tastings are the best guide for the conduct of winemaking.