One of the oldest Medoc estates, Domaine de Léoville belonged to some
of the wealthiest and most influential noble French families before it
was acquired by the Las Cases family. The estate was split up between
1826 and 1840 as a result of the French Revolution. (Expropriation of
emigrants’ property and constitution of egalitarian redistribution).
Château Léoville Las Cases was created, thanks to a kind of birthright,
from 3/5 of the original estate and the heart of the domain.
Grand Vin’s current terroir has therefore been at the historic heart of
the original terroir since the 17th century. Pierre Jean, Adolphe and
Gabriel de Las Cases were successive heirs to the property until 1900,
when Théophile Skawinski purchased a share in the estate and became its
manager. Léoville Las Cases has now been managed by the same family
since the late 19th century and is today represented by Jean-Hubert
Delon, sole owner of the Château and proprietor of Château Potensac in
the Medoc and Château Nénin in Pomerol.
Clos encases a terroir of very great complexity. It is mainly composed
of Quaternary gravel ("graves") over gravellysand and gravelly clay
subsoils. We also fi nd clays which are variably deep and compact, but
which sometimes break through to the surface. The proximity of the
Gironde River has created the wide diversity of soils, formed over
various geological periods by successive superimpositions.
river also creates a special microclimate that enables very early
ripening of the grapes and protects the vineyards from frost. This cameo
of geological combinations infl uences the growth of the vine and the
composition of the grapes: regular but restricted water supply and a
very low intake of nutrients bring out the best in the great Cabernet
Sauvignons and Cabernet Francs which usually achieve their full
potential whatever the vintage. The incomparable terroir gives this
great wine its unique personality.
The Grand Vin is the product of exceptional terroirs from the former Léoville estate.
terroirs are located mainly in the Clos Léoville Las Cases, which you
pass as you leave Saint- Julien village for Pauillac. They extend over
nearly 60ha producing Cabernet Sauvignons and Cabernet Francs with a
complex, polished expression and characteristics which are totally
unique to the Grand Vin of Léoville du Marquis de Las Cases and have
been widely recognized for years.