The Ardileys, the Moulin Riche, Longueville, Grand'Plante, la
Chapelle, Virginie, Sophie, Marie-Joséphine ... the plots forming the
vineyard form a circle around the castle. Close to the river, the 78
hectares of vines cross the jalle de Saint-Julien to get closer to the
Léoville plateau, before expanding on the large Pichon Longueville
plateau south of the Pauillac appellation.
In Bordeaux, the Crus Classés have heterogeneous soils but large
enough to allow rigorous selections. Only the owners' desire for
excellence led them, from the 18th century, to develop several wines of
different qualities. A strict selection is the guarantee of the quality
of the great wine but also of the second wine. Today, the second wines
represent 20 to 50% of the total production of the château. From the
same terroir, they benefit from the same technology as the great wine
and also from its reputation. They are generally excellent wines but
less robust and able to age less than their elders. The archives kept at
Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande mention the existence of
a second wine already in the 19th century: on April 27, 1890, shipment
of 4 bottles of the second vintage wine 1874 to the Moscow exhibition.
In addition, the accounts of 1874, detailing the production of the year,
confirm that the second wine is rigorously selected. Pichon Longueville
Comtesse de Lalande's second wine, Réserve de la Comtesse, was created
and marketed for the first time in 1973.